La Molineta cementery: Types of graves.

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Three types of graves were found: simple graves excavated in the ground; small mausoleums; and the grand vaults, which denoted the existence of well-defined social categories.

The simple graves, usually either oval or rectangular, vary from the kinds of dug out of the ground to others in the walls, usually covered or made from limestone mortar, bricks, tegulas, or in cases of higher quality opus signinum. Some of the large bricks used as covering have appeared decorated with precise motifs: one of these pieces is decorated with an elephant, another with a feline.

The interior of the some graves present show small plinths for resting the head of the deceased, and occasionally for the feet also.

A type characteristic of a small mausoleum of the ancient phase of the cemetery we find in twinned tombs with two graves, of good construction quality and opus signinum plastered covers, such as those preserved in the Hall and found on a plot on Gallo Street.

From the furthest back in time, what stands out most in terms of funerary structures is the appearance of grand family vaults, rectangular and around which the cemetery is initially defined, going on to occupy the space between them and the surroundings for the rest of the tombs. Their initial configuration seems to bring together two different spaces; a set of four adjoining tombs and a passage at the foot, where there was possibly a small altar.

The presence of these grand vaults, along with the role of urban families, gives credit to the existence of well-established social categories.



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