Municipal History Museum
Vera - Almería

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The present territory of Vera has hosted the comings and goings of different peoples. Its proximity to the sea, which today makes it a tourist attraction, was in the past fertile farmland and pasture.

Customs and traditions from the prehistoric period to the present day have a place in the different areas of the Historical Museum. The various elements of the city´s heritage and its rural aspects are divided into different thematic museum centers. In the seat of the Museum of Crafts and Guilds of Vera, they are seeking to gather a permanent exhibition that presents the daily life of its former inhabitants. Here you will encounter historical reconstructions of the different periods, including the trades of yesteryear which will be shown as life-size reproductions or smaller models.

On the other hand, there is a section that attaches special importance to the Guild of Craftsmen, where a room is dedicated to displaying trade union banners. These are used in the floats that are paraded to celebrate the fourth centenary of the capitulation of Vera, in 1888.

Take advantage of your visit to the first interactive museum in town to participate and connect directly with its objects. Ample visual information will invite you to take a stroll through the past and will no doubt encourage you to visit the archaeological sites in the area which date back six thousand years. Here you will enjoy viewing replicas of the initial findings as well as a prehistoric hut reproduction built on an archaeological site dating back to the same period.

Vera has been populated since ancient times. Traces of settlements have been found dating back to the Palaeolithic, although the main villages are from the Copper and Bronze Ages. Cultures as well known in the European archaeological landscape as Los Millares and El Argar, were the first to exploit the rich mineral region. The Carthaginians continued with the mining industry and founded the town of Baria near the present town of Villaricos in the sixth century BC.

The Roman occupation has also left us abundant historical testimony; one of the most important is in the hamlet of Roceipón near the hermitage of the Virgen de las Huertas, an example of a Roman village. At the time, Baria retained a stable population. This lasted until the mining crisis and a period of insecurity caused the settlement to move inland to an elevated site next to the current hill of the Holy Spirit, a location that received the favors of Ferdinand the Catholic during the Re-conquest. It was in 1494 that the town received its Rights and Privileges, just before it was struck by a terrible earthquake which forced its transfer in 1518 to its current location.